The single biggest threat to your business’s online security is malicious emails. As owners and managers, it’s up to you to require email security best practices among your employees and institute a security-minded culture within your organization.
Contrary to popular myth, the most effective hacking techniques require almost no technical skill. A hacker only needs an Internet connection, an email account, and a knack for deception. Phishing email attacks remain the most common and devastating attack vector. These attacks use various social engineering strategies and target end users (i.e. your employees) rather than infrastructure.
According to research by Symantec looking at 2016, “One in 131 emails sent were malicious, the highest rate in five years.” These kinds of attacks have become so widespread, costing businesses worldwide about$1.8 billion a year, that in 2017 the FBI decided to put out a public service announcement about it. They reported that the amount of money lost to email scams had increased 2,370% between January 2015 and December 2016.
In this article, we explain how implementing email security best practices can minimize your organization’s vulnerability.
Email security best practices
Given that hackers tend to exploit human mistakes rather than technical ones, your company’s security policy should emphasize each employee’s role in preventing cyberattacks. Here are the main points you may want to focus on:
Education— The most important thing you can do is keep security a priority among your team. Start by understanding the common phishing attacks and share updates and reminders with your employees regularly.
Limit public information— Attackers cannot target your employees if they don’t know their email addresses. Don’t publish non-essential contact details on your website or on any public directories, including phone numbers or physical addresses. All these pieces of information can help attackers engineer an attack.
Carefully check emails— Phishing attacks are seldom perfectly executed. Often there’s a tell, such as a bizarre From address (e.g. firstname.lastname@example.org), unusual links (e.g. amazon.net.ru), or a high number of typos or formatting mistakes in the text. If it looks suspicious, employees should report it.
Beware links and attachments— Your employees should be skeptical anytime they receive an email from an unknown sender. Do not click on links or download attachments without verifying the source first and establishing the legitimacy of the link or attachment. Attachments are especially dangerous because they may contain malware, such as ransomware or spyware, that can compromise the device or network.
Hover over hyperlinks— Never click on hyperlinked text without hovering your cursor over the link first to check the destination URL, which should appear in the lower corner of your window. Sometimes the hacker might disguise a malicious link as a short URL. You can retrieve the original URL using this tool.
Never enter your password— Unless you’re 100% certain the website is legitimate, you should never enter your password anywhere. If you aren’t logging into your account and you haven’t requested to reset your password, then password reset links are likely part of a phishing attack. Password managers, in addition to helping you use strong, unique passwords, can detect fake websites for you.
If in doubt, ask— Better safe than sorry. Your employees should be instructed to check with IT staff or a manager any time they have doubts about an email.
Technical safeguards in ProtonMail
Security training is your best defense, but it isn’t the only defense. It’s important to choose an email service provider that takes security seriously. At ProtonMail, we have implemented a number of unique security features designed to minimize the threat of email-based attacks, including several dedicated anti-phishing technologies.
As another line of defense against account compromise, ProtonMail allows users to enable two-factor authentication(2FA). When enabled, 2FA requires users to enter a six-digit code generated on their smartphone before gaining access to their account, in addition to their username and password. This assures that even if hackers learn the user’s password, they would still be prevented from logging in.
Authentication Logs are another special email security feature in ProtonMail. This allows you to check whether someone else has access to your account. If someone else does have access or if you accidentally stayed logged in on a device you don’t control, you can log out of other sessions remotely.
We have also published a number of resources on our website, including this safe email guide and resources about the GDPR and HIPAA, that can help guide your organization’s security policy. By following the email security best practices above and choosing a security-focused email service, you can significantly reduce your chance of falling victim to an email attack.
The ProtonMail Team
You can get a free secure email account from ProtonMail here.
We also provide a free VPN service to protect your privacy.